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Danube Delta

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The Biosphere Reserve of the Danube Delta is one of the most interesting sites in the world. It is the youngest and least stabile territory of Europe which grows with up to 120 feet every year because of the alluvial deposits of the Danube. Border in the north by the oldest mountains of the world (Dobrogea mountains) and the Ukraine, and the Black Sea in the east, the Delta of the Danube covers a surface of about 2200 square miles. Only one of the three large branches of the Danube has regular passenger transportation facilities, the rest of the surface being composed by a labyrinth of small channels and lakes. Access routes by car are limited to some dozens of miles. Further on, the only traveling possibility is by boat and on foot.
Because of it's location on the 45th parallel and at the connection between the sweet water of the Danube river and the salted water of the Black Sea, the Danube Delta offers shelter to over 300 species of birds (many of them migrating), over 45 fish species and over 1100 plant species. It is often surnamed "Bird's Paradise" because of the many unique bird colonies, which attract every year tourist, specialists and nature lovers from all over of the world.

Since ancient times the Danube Delta attracted all kind of people who tried to vanish from society. Settlements are rare and reduced in number of inhabitants. Access is difficult. Weather can be very hard in winter and summers can be awfully hot.

Maybe that is why deep inside the delta we can find not only one remain of ancient Christian churches and of martyrs buried inside. On the other hand, from ancient times until today (even today, in the 21st century!) leper colonies were organized within this almost deserted area.

Like all Romanians, the Danube Delta also welcomed the overturn of the communist regime. Ceausescu started in the '80 to dry out the delta (over 400 lakes) and use it for agriculture. Those regions were flooded again and authorities try to conserve the natural equilibrium. One of the strongest supporters of this actions is the explorer Jean Jaques Custeau who studied the Danube Delta for several years, as well as UNESCO who included the Danube Delta on it's list of World Cultural Heritage.

The Danube Delta is undoubtedly one of the most interesting and original corners in the country.

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